
Regular polygons
Only one rigid regular polygon can be built with Geomag without panels or auxiliary rods: the equilateral triangle.
Of course, that is why they invented panels. With them, you can easily make rigid squares and pentagons:
The regular hexagon has an easy solution, as it can be partitioned into six equilateral triangles. However, the result is rigid only while lying flat, as it can be folded along any of the main diagonals. Rhombic panels provide an alternative, saving three rods and making the main diagonals unfoldable:
If a cuboctahedron is split by a plane parallel to two opposite triangular faces, the section is also a regular hexagon. Each half is a Johnson solid number 3, the triangular cupola (see
MathWorld article). If the hexagonal face is not stabilized with additional rods or panels, this body is not rigid (it could be, however, when belonging to certain bigger structures):
The base polygon of a square cupola (Johnson solid number 4), similarly, is a regular octagon which, again, is not rigid in itself, but becomes rigid when making up other structures, as is the case, for instance, in a truncated cube (in which there are six intermingled concave square cupolas, joined by a central cube) or a rhombicuboctahedron (in which there are six intermingled convex square cupolas):
A pentagonal cupola (Johnson solid number 5) provides a regular decagon which becomes rigid, at least, in a rhombicosidodecahedron (twelve intermingled convex cupolas), in a truncated regular dodecahedron (twelve concave cupolas sharing edges), and in a rhombitruncated icosidodecahedron (twelve unconnected concave cupolas):
There is a regular decagon also in the base of a pentagonal rotunda (Johnson solid number 6, or half an icosidodecahedron). It cannot replace the pentagonal cupola when building a truncated regular dodecahedron, but it can when building a rhombitruncated icosidodecahedron, as explained in Concentric icosidodecahedra:
And a planar construction: Ten regular pentagons, joined by their edges, make up an internal regular decagon:
Two planar constructions to build the regular dodecagon. Its vertices exactly match those of six squares built on the edges of a regular hexagon (left). On the other hand, twelve equilateral triangles laid over the edges of a regular dodecagon form right angles, so that their position can be stabilized with squares (right):
In the regular decagon made up of regular pentagons (above) a square can be interspersed between each pair of consecutive pentagons, so forming a regular 20agon:
I don't know of any planar construction of a regular 24agon, just this threedimensional one, from a regular dodecagon. It can be built in either of the shown positions, but it is surely easier to build as in the righthand picture:
Finally, a planar construction for the regular 30agon: Fifteen regular pentagons joined by a vertex, with interspersed equilateral triangles:
