
The rhombic hexecontahedron
The rhombic hexecontahedron is a solid made of 60 rhombuses which form 12 concave pentagonal stars. It can be easily thought of as a regular dodecahedron whose faces and edges have sunk in their middle, towards the center of the object:
Of a total of 62 vertices, the 12 concave ones in the middle of the stars are placed as those of a regular icosahedron, although they are not spaced as to insert rods between them. The 30 concave vertices in the edges of the stars are placed as those of an icosidodecahedron, in this case at the right distance to insert rods (red rods in the following picture). Only the remaining 20 vertices, the points of the stars, are convex.
The rhombuses of the true rhombic hexecontahedron are golden rhombuses, whose angles measure about 63.43 and 116.57 degrees, while the angles in the Geomag rhombuses measure 60 and 120 degrees. Because of this, building this model has to be somewhat forced, and the resulting object is not very stable.
However, a doublescale model can be built around the singlescale one. First, we raise each pentagonal star one unit away from the center of the object. The «walls» of these raised stars are also made of rhombuses. The resulting object, which we'll call rhombic hexecontahedron to scale 1½ because it is midway towards the doublescale one, is shown in this picture:
Unlike the single and doublescale rhombic hexecontahedra, which can only rest on the five points of each of their 12 stars, this object can rest also on 30 sets of four vertices, and on 20 sets of three vertices:
We build the points of the doublescale stars on the threevertex sets just mentioned; the doublescale construction is finished by filling the gaps between them:
